As of 2019, transportation of goods has the largest greenhouse gas emissions of any division in our economy. Transportation accounts for 33% of emissions in the US. That does not account for all emissions such as those from building our infrastructure.
What falls in the transportation sector?
• Cargo Ships
• Transportation of people trains, planes, autos, cabs, Uber, and Lyft
• Military transportation of personnel and machinery
Each one of those forms of transportation causes emissions of greenhouse gases and affects the climate.
Greenhouse gases and climate change are already affecting our transportation system. Flooding, wildfires, snow and ice storms, and mud slides have halted transportation on rail systems and roads.
In January 2021 a portion of California Highway 1 near Big Sur fell into the ocean after heavy rains. After hurricane Harvey in 2017 a portion of the rail service flooded in the Gulf. During a heatwave in 2021, parts of the I-5 in Washington State buckled stopping traffic. All of these road and rail issues were caused by the weather that has been affected by climate change.
Transportation of people is a large portion of the 33% of emissions in the US. This can be changed by carpooling and taking public transportation.
These modes of moving our goods across the nation rely on fossil fuels. We all know how bad fossil fuels cause emissions. These modes of moving our goods across the nation rely on fossil fuels. We all know how bad fossil fuels cause emissions. Moving people also relies on fossil fuels. Especially in rural areas, where there is no subway or public transportation is limited to inside the city.
But what can we do to change the amount of emissions from the transportation sector? We all need and want products.We all need to go to work, shopping, and other activities. How can we get them where they need to go in a clean energy way?
Solutions to Transportation
Solutions to the transportation emissions have been discussed and are being implemented.
Some of the solutions are:
• Move to electric vehicles – this means adding charging stations and innovating batteries to go further between charges. Batteries must be able to move heavy loads further.
• Setting standards for emission from planes, trains, and cargo ships as well as trucks and private autos.
• The EPA has established Smartway for transportation of goods it tracks fuel use and times when moving freight. It is a voluntary program right now that was established in 2004.
• When designing communities we need to make housing closer to public transportation lines.
• Companies can offer deals to employees for carpooling to work and other functions.
• Source products and goods closer to home, especially food products.
• Shop local stores as much as possible before ordering online to be shipped.
• Companies can purchase carbon credits to use.
• When using cargo ships to transport goods, use modern engines, low-carbon fuels, and more efficient practices to load the goods so there is no waste.
• Continue developing biofuels for planes, trans, ships, and even large trucks for transportation.
Those are just some of the solutions needed. A major issue is the infrastructure. There needs to be charging stations along all major routes that can be combined with rest areas. That would allow people to charge their vehicles to move people and products across the nation.
Electric vehicle manufactures like Ford and others need to research and develop better longer lasting batteries for their electric models. This will reduce the dependence on fossil fuels thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector.
If we all do our part to reduce the emissions from transportation we can change the amount of effect those emissions have on our climate. Reducing these emissions will reduce the number and intensity of hurricanes, wildfires, snowstorms, and heatwaves.